The History of the Odessa`s Hotels
Since the heroic birth of Odessa (200 years ago) in the clubs of the gun smoke, under the rifle shots and messy clatter of knives on the fields of battles of Duke de Ribas with the Turkish army in a small settlement Hadzhibey which were located on the shores of the Black Sea, all the great "founders" of the city had predicted his fate as a trade and transport city and also as the center of business activity in the Black Sea region.
So from a small settlement, the number of people, who according to the first census in 1795 equaled 2349 of both sexes, in the last 7 years grew up in Odessa port city with a population of 9000 people, and in another 30 years, to 60,000 people!
The first hotels of Odessa
At this time, Odessa attracted many people. First, rich landlords and merchants, industrialists, and then transferred their business to the South Palmyra. Then Odessa took all sorts of artisans and workers, which were necessary for its development. Finally, a people began to visit a young city. It was at this time, there are the first hotels of Odessa appeared.
One of the first hotels in the city, the famous, Hotel du Nord, or the "SEVERNAYA", located outside of Italyanskaya Street (now Pushkinskaya Street), 13 belonged to a well-known merchant in the city of Charles Sikkar. At the time it was the average of Odessa hotel with rooms for visitors, coach-houses and stables. On June 3, 1823 A.S. Pushkin arrived for permanent residence there.
Near by the Italiyanskaya Street, 6, the Hotel Parizhskiy (the Hotel de Paris)is located, and on Deribasovskaya 31- the Hotel France(Frantsiya).
The building on the Boulevard Street (now it is on the Primorskiy Boulevard) is placed another well-known hotel in Odessa, "Londonskaya", where at various times after a long journey well-known Russian and foreign guests stopped: Anton Chekhov, Alexander Kuprin, Robert Lewis Stevenson, and Ivan Aivazovsky.
There were up to 20 hotels of different levels is 1930 in Odessa.
The flourishing of the hotel business
The city continued to develop rapidly and grew as a rich trading port and in addition gained fame as a fashionable resort. In this regard, in the second half of the 19th century there was built a number of luxury hotels with a high level of comfort and excellent service such as: on the main street of Odessa - Hotel Imperial and Hotel "Bolshaya Moscowskaya, at the same Italianskaya Street, 15 – the Hotel Passage on the corner of the Preobrazhenskaya and Deribasovskaya Streets, – the Hotel Arcade, which still hosts today.
At the turn of the century in Odessa, it already had about 40 hotels with the restaurants. The luxury of the hotels at one time was estimated by Vertinsky, Sarah Bernhardt, Gumilev, Shaliapin, Lesia Ukrainka, Gogol, Belinsky and many other famous guests.
Most of the old buildings, which housed the first hotels of Odessa, stand to this day. Some of them have not lost their original purpose. Other buildings which witnessed the rapid formation of a young Odessa were rebuilt as hotels much later, such as the Odessa's Hotel Aivazovsky, located on the Bunin Street in a building which was built in 1852 by Abramson, the hotel Mozart, a former aristocratic club down the Lanzheronovskaya Street 13, and the hotel Continental on Deribasovskaya Street, 5.